THE NEWS IN PROPORTION
23 April 2014
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Child labour in India
A factfile from Child Rights and You.


- Kids can't read, adults can't count
- Small change in bonded labour
01 July 2006: After nearly 59 years of Independence and over a decade after India became a signatory to the United Nations Convention on Child Rights, our children continue to be the most neglected segment. Statistics reveal that India has 17 million child labourers -- the highest in the world. Lack of awareness about the basic rights of a child has lead to easy violation of laws meant to protect and empower children. In homes, on the streets and in sweatshops, children are being exploited by the thousands.

Where do these children work?

Over half of the working children (54%) are in agriculture, and most others are employed either in construction (15.5%) or in household work (18%). About 5% are in manufacturing jobs, and the remainder (about 8%) are scattered across other forms of employment. The table below provides a gender-wise breakup of working children, and their schooling status. Please note that the data are for children in the age group 5-14 years.


Children of Age Group (5-14 years)
Activities Number of Children (%) Number of Children (in 100's)


Boys

Girls

Total

Boys

Girls

Total








Children engaged in "economic activities"

4.18

3.86

4.02

52967

45618

98392

Attended domestic duties only

0.30

3.15

1.67

3770

37208

40788

Attended domestic duties plus free collection of goods, tailoring, weaving for HH only

0.25

1.92

1.06

3178

22693

25897

Children at Work

4.73

8.93

6.75

59915

105519

165077

Attending schools

72.98

61.45

67.44

925350

725964

1651186

Children neither at work nor at school

17.26

20.42

18.80

218889

241255

460205


Pradeep Narayanan
01 Jul 2006

Pradeep Narayanan is Manager, Research at Child Rights and You (CRY). The data in these tables have been compiled from official sources. Earlier (1991) estimates from census data are available here.

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